The BWI Archives
1891 ~ The Government Inspection
The Government Inspection
- 1891 -
1862 had seen a change in the way that schools were to be supported by State funds. The ‘Revised Code’ of the Committee of the Privy Council on Education introduced an annual inspection of schools and testing of pupils (often referred to as ‘payment by results’). The results of these inspections determined the grant that would be payable to the Managers to support the running of the school along with money they could raise through local subscriptions from parishioners and ‘School Pence’ contributed by pupils’ families.
By 1891 the Inspection system had become highly complex, with the School Inspector controlling Grants payable not only for achievement in the three basic subjects of reading, writing and arithmetic, but also for a number of additional subjects taught as class-subjects (with each school being able to choose several from a list) and yet others taught to a more restricted group of pupils (again, being locally selected from a published list). The value of each Grant would be determined by the Inspector in terms of a value 'per pupil' and this would then be multiplied by the average attendance of the school pupils, or of the cohort being taught a specific subject, not the number of pupils actually on roll in the school. Also, 1891 was to see the year in which the practice of parents paying a weekly fee (the School Pence) for their child's education would cease, with a further Grant becoming available to cover the school's financial loss.
For a number of years the monthly Parish Magazine gave an account of the annual Inspection Report.
The June 1891 edition of the St Martin's Chruch, Ruislip, Parish Magazine, informed its readers that the annual inspection would take place that month:-
The Annual Inspection of the Schools by Her Majesty’s Inspector takes place on Monday, June 8th, at which every child on the Registers is bound to attend for examination. The drawing examination took place last month.
While in July
July the Vicar,the Rev. Thomas March Everett, said that, while the Inspection had taken place, the Report had yet to be received:
No report has
yet been received from Her Majesty’s Inspector of the Examination held
on June 8th.
The August edition carried the usual monthly letter from the Vicar in which he expressed his disappointment at the size of the grant the Inspector had chosen to award the school and reflected on the shift of influence on what went on in the school from the Managers to the Inspector:-
Further on the Parish Magazine reports first on the Drawing examination (the candidates for which, it would appear, included the Pupil Teacher and the, as yet not fully Certificated, Assistant Teacher). The Inspector's Report then follows:-
examination by H.M. Inspector, Mr. Willis, took place on June 8th.
His Report is as follows:-
School - The children are handier and brighter, the girls generally
being much ahead of the boys in this respect.
The attainments have picked up somewhat, but Reading &
Articulation want attention; Spelling is weak in the Fourth Standard;
Arithmetic has improved, but is weak in the Fourth Standard, and the
Problem is too much for most of the scholars.
English and Geography are fairly done on the whole.
Discipline is fairly good, but there are some loose habits in class
which want checking, and the children must learn to speak out.
Class - Results fairly good. Writing should be better, and the step
from the Second to the First Class should not be so long.
School discipline wants some attention.
The more the teacher can engage the interest of these children the
better for them; the elementary subjects will soon come in their turn.
Watkins is informed that if she passes the Queen’s Scholarship
Examination she will be recognised under Article 50, but not under Article
Churchill is marked as having failed in her examination.
on total average attendance were as follows: -
In Mixed School. Principal Grant, 12s 6d.
For Discipline, Singing, English, and Geography 1s each, and 1s on
separate average attendance of girls for Needlework.
In Infants’ School – Fixed Grant, 9s; Variable Grant, 4s;
Needlework, 1s; and Singing, 6d. Thus
the amount of Grant is for Mixed School, £69 12s; for Infant School, £16
13s 6d; total £86 5s 6d. To
this will have to be added the drawing Grant, which will bring the total
amount earned by the School to about £90.
average attendance for the year was 105, viz., 43 boys and 39 girls in
Mixed School, and 12 boys and 11 girls in Infant School.
accordance with Article 89 of the Code, a copy of the School Accounts has
been posted at the Schoolroom for public inspection, where the Report may
also be seen.
holidays will last for five weeks this summer, as no holiday was given at
Easter. The School will
re-open on Monday, August 17th, when all parents are requested
to send back their children.
First uploaded: 18 April 2018
Last revised: 28 April 2018