The BWI Archives

1892 ~ Leaving School


Leaving School

The Ruislip Church of England Elementary School by 1892 taught children from 3 up to the age of 13 years - the statutory school age being 5 to 13.  The absence of children in order to work was a recurrent issue for a rural school such as Ruislip: the Master periodically noted in the school's log book absences for hay making and the like.  Absence impacted on educational achievement and also on the school's average pupil attendance - since the Revised Code of 1862, Government Grants were always subject to an Inspector's annual assessment of children's educational achievements and the 'amount per pupil' determined, not by the number on roll but by the average level of school attendance.  Given this situation, the Managers were always seeking ways to secure high levels of pupil attendance. 

Successive Education Acts had varied the conditions under which children could leave full time education before 13 years, and the most recent legislation, Elementary Education Act 1891, tightened the conditions still further.  The Vicar outlined these in the April number of the Parish Magazine: 

From the Vicarís monthly letter
The examination of our School children by the Diocesan Inspector has taken place, and you will find his Report published this month.  The Examination in Drawing will be held in May, and the Annual Government Inspection in June.  I urge all parents to keep their children regularly at School, so as to ensure success at the forthcoming Examinations.  It will be in your recollection that the Managers agreed to give each child a halfpenny for every attendance over 350 made during the School year, from June 1st, 1891, to May 31st, 1892.  The School has been opened 365 times up to March 31st, so there is ample opportunity for those children who have been hitherto regular to earn a fair amount before the end of the School year.


School Notice to Parents

Labour Certificates.
Parents, who wish their children to go out to work after the next School examination in June, are requested to give notice during the month of April to the Schoolmaster, in order that the particulars may be stated in the form which is returned to the Inspector, with statistics relating to the examination.  Under the Uxbridge Board of Guardians School Attendance Committee partial exemption is given to children of a certain age after passing Standard III., and total exemption after passing Standard IV.; but inasmuch as no information is now given by the Inspector as to the passing of children in their respective standards, it is absolutely necessary for parents to apply for Labour Certificates if they wish to remove their children from the Schools.

In the September edition, after the visit of the Inspector, the Vicar was able to identify those pupils who were either allowed to leave school entirely, or those who now were at liberty to attend only part time:

The following scholars having applied for Labour Certificates are informed of the result: - Henry Hatchley passed, and is totally exempt from further attendance; Joseph Bowden, Jesse King, and Richard Collett passed in Standard III., and can thereby claim partial exemption from the bye-laws of the Uxbridge School Attendance Authority.



First uploaded: 21 April 2018