The BWI Archives

The Log Books


Ruislip Church of England School – 1812 – 1931

Bishop Winnington-Ingram CE School 1931 -


General Introduction

Log Book 1 (1890 – 1925)

Log Book 2 (1925 – 1956)

Log Book 3 (1957 – 1993)

Transcription Content

Transcription Protocol


General Introduction

In 1862 the Committee of Council on Education published a ‘Revised Code’ for education that introduced a series of grants that could be awarded directly to the school should it meet certain criteria. Part of its requirements was the keeping of a ‘Diary or Log Book’ by the school.  The instruction was set out in some detail, even down to the number of pages the book should contain:

55. In every school receiving annual grants is to be kept, besides the ordinary registers of attendance

(a) A diary or log-book.

(b) A portfolio wherein may be laid all official letters, which should be numbered (1, 2, 3, &c.) in the order of their receipt.

Diary or Log Book of School

56. The diary or log-book must be stoutly bound and contain not less than 500 ruled pages.

57. The principal teacher must daily make in the log-book the briefest entry which will suffice to specify either ordinary progress, or whatever other fact concerning the school or its teachers, such as the dates of withdrawals, commencements of duty, cautions, illness, etc., may require to be referred to at a future time, or may otherwise deserve to be recorded.  

58. No reflections or opinions of a general character are to be entered in the log-book.  

59. No entry once made in the log-book may be removed nor altered otherwise than by a subsequent entry.  

60. The inspector will call for the log-book at his annual visit, and will report whether it appears to have been properly kept throughout the year.  

61. The inspector will not write any report on the good or bad state of the school in the log-book at the time of his visit, but will enter therein with his own hand the full name and standing (certificated teacher of the ---- class, or pupil-teacher of the ---- year, or assistant-teacher) of each member of the school establishment. The inspector will not enter the names of pupil-teachers respecting whose admission the Committee of Council has not yet pronounced a decision.  

62. The summary of the inspector's report when communicated by the Committee of Council to the managers must be copied into the log-book by the secretary of the latter, who must also enter the names and description of all teachers to be added to, or withdrawn from, those entered by the inspector, according to the decision of the Committee of Council upon the inspector's report. The secretary of the managers must sign this entry.  

63. The inspector before making his entry of the school establishment in the following year will refer to his own entry made in the preceding year, and also to the entry which is required to be made by the secretary of the school pursuant to Article 62, and he will require to see entries in the log-book accounting for any subsequent change of the school establishment.

Appendix K, pp.343-45, Matthew Arnold, Reports on Elementary Schools, 1853-1882,
New Edition, HMSO 1908,


A Log Book must have been kept at the Ruislip Church School from soon after the implementation of the ‘Revised Code’, possibly from 1864, the year the Managers began their regular minuted meetings. Absence of a Log Book would have been noted by the Inspector on his annual visit and any grant withheld.  Unfortunately, the earliest extant Log Book was begun by James Garrett in 1890, any earlier book or books probably having been lost, removed or destroyed before he arrived.  

A century later, May 1956, the Ministry of Education reaffirmed the requirement to keep a Log Book (Administrative Memorandum No. 531):


A record should be kept at each school under the supervision of the headmaster or headmistress or superintendent teacher, in a form readily available for reference, of events specially worthy of permanent record in the history of the school.  The form in which the record is kept is a matter for the discretion of the headmaster or headmistress and the nature of the events worthy of record will vary according to the circumstances of the school.  The following matters, which are not necessarily exhaustive or applicable to every school, are instances of the kind of events which should be recorded:

(a)  Matters of significance in the life of the school, such as changes in the character, organization or curriculum of the school, alterations to premises, substantial changes in equipment, visits of Managers or Governors, the absence or illness of a teacher.

(b) The receipt of any report on the school sent by the Ministry to the Authority or to the Managers or Governors, and any remarks thereon made by the Ministry.

(c)  If the Authority so direct, the receipt of any report made to them by their Committees or by their officers.

(d) The reasons for a temporary closure of the school, for a substantial variation in the average attendance or for a marked deviation from the ordinary routine.

Towards the end of the twentieth century many Headteachers began to cease maintaining a Log Book, probably because there were other ways its data was being collected and stored. However, a search has not shown if the requirement was ever repealed. In BWI’s case, the Log Book record ceased at Christmas, 1993.  By the early 2000s none of the standard educational suppliers included blank Log Books in their catalogues.

BWI has three extant books in its possession: Log Book 1 covering the period 1890 to 1925; Log Book 2 from 1925 to 1956 and Log Book 3 from 1957 to 1993. Over those hundred years the various Headteachers maintained their records in varying degrees of detail: Thomas Wilkinson tended to make the briefest of notes; Dennis Knowles gave a very full picture of life in school.  Some, such as Charles Ratcliffe, could not resist the injunction against ‘reflections or opinions of a general character’ (1862, Revised Code par. 58).

All three books are divided into two.  First comes an alphabetic index.  This may have been intended by the publishers for storing staff data, but in the event mainly employed for miscellaneous data.  The substantive section is the 500 numbered pages as required by the 1862 ‘Revised Code’. (Log Book 2, for some reason, had only 300 numbered pages.  Page 300 is a ‘recto’, the verso should have been numbered 301 if the following 200 pages had simply been omitted in error prior to binding. As the verso was unnumbered, clearly only 300 were intended.) 

Below we present an overview of the contents of each of the three log book.  We first list the Headteachers or Acting Heads and the date they took up duties.  This is followed by an inventory. Only the pages destined for the school log had numbered pages. Prior to the numbered pages we have used hypothesised folio descriptors; for the material that follows we have continued the number sequence.


Log Book 1 (1890-1925)



James B. Garrett



Charles Edwin Ratcliffe



Ralph Youens



John Hough Chester



Description and Contents  

I        Front Cover - Blue, no title

II       Front end papers - marbled, void

III      fol. 2 verso

(Written in pencil by Mr Youens, list of items purchased for the cleaner?):




April 3rd

Mrs Peell?

1 piece of Hearth stone



Enam? (large)

April 10th

Mrs Peell

- 2 tins blacklead



2 length of floor cloth



1 scrubbing brush



1 blackleading brush



1 blacklead polishing brush,



½ cake of soap

April 14th


3 Dusters

May 2nd


1 tin of Blacking enamel

IV      Alphabetic index
           ‘A’ recto:

Accommodation    December 16th 1919





Room A

35’ x 19’




18’ x 19’




19’ x 19’




19½’ x 19¼’ 




15’ x 15’



‘A’ verso:            void

‘B’ recto-verso:     void

‘C’ recto:              void

‘C’ verso:              details of Miss B.G. Trist, Registration No. 08 / 442
School No. 51 53

‘D’ recto:
Dimensions given on Form IX





This column in pencil:







L 52

B 19

H 16


Class Room









Not recognised






Infants Room










Class Room





Entered under, in pencil:

15     X


14’ 9”







         Dimensions taken 21-9-03

        D’ verso to ‘Z’ verso:    void

V       Log entries

First Log entry: p,1, April 14th 1990  (James B. Garrett)

Final Log entry: p.496, April 8th 1925 (John Hough Chester)  

VI      Miscellaneous
            pp. 497- 503
         Staffing details: name, starting date, date of birth and education background, salary, etc.

VII    Miscellaneous
p.503 (recto), in pencil
(List of oil purchased/used for lighting for specific meetings, possibly to ensure the managers were reimbursed for external use of the school building after the implementation of the Education Act 1902. Cf. the Managers’ minutes for May 7th 1904, MMB2 pp. 4-7 )

Unnumbered (p.503, verso) in pencil : a note dated 1906 about Form IX

Unnumbered (p.504, recto) void

VIII   Back end papers – marbled, void  

IX      Back cover  

X       Spine labelled LOG BOOK



Log Book 2 (1925-1956)

Headteachers and a notable event  


John Hough Chester



Arthur Thomas Smith


p. 36

Beatrice Helen Grist (Acting)


p. 73

Edith Minett (Acting)


p. 75

Thomas Wilkinson


p. 81

Move to new building


p. 158

Thomas Wilkinson’s resignation



Description and Contents  

I        Cover - Blue, titled LOG BOOK

II       Front end papers - marbled, void

III      fol. 2 verso – void

fol. 3 recto - Title Page, only the start date of April 20th 1926 has been entered

fol. 3 verso - note: ‘Accommodation, size of rooms &c at back of book’

IV      Alphabetic index

‘A’ recto – Miscellaneous item

‘A’ verso – void

‘B’ recto – ‘E’ verso

‘Staff, August 25th 1931’ followed by names and details

‘F’ recto – ‘O’ verso – void

‘P’ recto – Miscellaneous items

‘P’ verso – ‘Z’ verso - void

V       Log entries

First Log entry: p,1, April 20th 1925 (John Hough Chester)

Final Log entry: p.158, December 31st 1956 (Thomas Wilkinson)  

VI      Miscellaneous

pp. 159-280, left void  

          Inspection reports

p.281 - Inspection report for 10 & 11 May 1933

p.284 - Inspection report for 7 & 12 July 1937  

VII    Miscellaneous

pp. 293-300, void
(Note: the book had only 300 numbered pages)

Eight unnumbered pages, six ruled, 2 unruled

(pp.301-305) Staffing details: name, starting and leaving dates, date of birth and education background, etc

(p. 306) In pencil ‘Accommodation December 16th 1919’
(referred from fol.3 verso)


(pp.307-08) –void

VIII   Back end papers – marbled, void  

IX      Back cover

X       Spine: unlabled        



Log Book 3 (1957-1993)


Headteachers and a Notable Event  


Elizabeth Mary Lemmings (Acting)


p. 3

Reginald Henry Jennings


p. 101

School opens on Southcote Rise


p. 143

Dennis Edward Knowles


p. 415

Judith Anne Courtenay Edwards



Description and Contents  

I        Front Cover - Blue, titled LOG BOOK

II       Front end papers - marbled, void

III      fol. 2 verso – void

fol. 3 recto - Title Page, not filled in

fol. 3 verso - void

IV      Alphabetic index - Void  

V       Log entries

First Log entry: p.1, January 8th 1957 (E.M. Lemmings, Acting)

Final Log entry: p.425, December 9th 1993  (Judith Edwards)  

VI      Miscellaneous

           pp. 426-431, removed

pp. 432-500, Void  

VII    Eight unnumbered pages, six ruled, 2 unruled , void

VIII   Back end papers – marbled, void

IX      Back cover

X       Spine: unlabled



Transcription Content

The Log Books have been transcribed complete up to 1957, with the exception that surnames have usually been removed from children who received negative comments.

We have adopted a cut-off point of1957 for greater editorial intervention. 1957 marked the start of Log Book 3 and the change of Headteacher from Thomas Wilkinson to Reginald Jennings.  From that year forward we have omitted anything of a personal nature.  Most related to staff.  Thus we have removed notes regarding staff absence for illness, though retained their attendance at courses.  We have removed staff absence at interviews when having negative outcomes, though retained the results of positive interviews, resignations and retirements. We have removed references to pay, though indicated areas of curriculum responsibility. Visits by education support staff, such as the educational psychology or local ‘remedial support staff’ have been included but the focus of their visits, individual children, have had their names removed, where given, replaced with a bracketed reference to ‘child’ or ‘children’.



Transcription protocol

The following transcription protocol applies to all three Log Books.

The relevant log book is referred to as LB1, LB2 or LB3.  

The logs are presented by calendar year. Prior to each year’s log we present an overview of the main events recorded.  

Each date for an entry has been regularised as dd/mm/yyyy in the left margin.

If a change of page occurs at a natural break in the narrative, this is indicated with the new page number in the left margin (e.g. LB1_26).  However, if the narrative continues over the page break then this is indicated by the insertion of the new page number within square brackets at the relevant point within the narrative (e.g.  “Mrs Garrett commenced to assist me in school. [LB1_22]  During the holidays on July 28th a treat was given …”  

In the original text capitalisation is irregular.  We have adopted capitals for nouns relating to roles (e.g. Manager, Master, etc.) but elsewhere used lower case (e.g. schools rather than Schools). However, there are places where we have felt it appropriate to depart from this rule.  

Abbreviations have been silently expanded (e.g. ‘etc’ for ‘&c.’, ‘January’ for ‘Jan.’, ‘should’ for ‘shd’, and so on.).

Material added to aid comprehension is in italics and inserted between arrowhead brackets, e.g. ‘Certificated <teacher>’ (29/03/1906).  Further clarification in the form of comment is given in italics within rounded brackets, e.g. ‘…
to ease Miss Groome. (i.e. reduced the number of pupils in her class for some of the time.)’ (08/11/1906).  Occasionally words are uncertain.  A possibly reading has a question mark appended, e.g. ‘These three last Standards being yet? very backwards’ (23/05/1890); where this has not been possible, we have placed a question mark within square brackets as a marker, e.g.  ‘Recitation to be [?]’. (08/06/1891)  

Finally, where the manuscript has corrections, we have adopted the final reading and errors have been silently corrected.  



First uploaded: 24 July 2021
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